Birth defects common with IVF can be a really emotionally stressful situation for parents. However, such a situation is a very rare phenomenon in reality. It is true that birth defects have a slightly increased chance among IVF births than natural births, but the increase is only one percent. Infertile couples have a high risk of giving birth to a child with abnormalities even if they conceive on their own. This happens because of the malfunction in the eggs or sperm they produce making them infertile in the first place.
However, there are several ways through which one can fight birth defects that may arise in children born with IVF. IVF specialist doctor in Delhi, Dr. Shivani Gour discussed with us the following ways to fight genetic defects in babies born through IVF.
Preimplantation genetic screening or PGS is a great tool that can help predict the genetic problems that your child might possess. It can be done with IVF to detect chromosomal abnormalities. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis or PGD can look for specific genetic diseases like muscular dystrophy. PGS & PGD can detect embryos with defects beforehand and eliminate them from implantation into the mother.
The general rate of babies being born with birth defects through normal conception is 3-5 percent. This rate increases by 1 percent in the case of IVF. This makes the rate of imprinting disorder through IVF to 2-5 per 15,000 children. The general rate is 1 in 15,000 children in case of normal pregnancy. Couples using ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection also have a comparatively higher risk of having a child with birth defects.
There are more chances of a mother conceiving multiple children like twins or triplets when it comes to IVF than producing babies with birth defects. The risk of infant development is greater in children due to being prematurely born due in case of multiple deliveries. In normal cases, infants born through IVF are healthy and face no developmental challenges.
IVF Hospitals in Delhi can help you tremendously by helping you predict any genetic diagnosis in an embryo beforehand and not implant them in the expecting mother to avoid future complications. In such a case, a couple can try producing another embryo with IVF and get it tested again to make sure that their child is born healthy physically and mentally.
Couples who want to conceive despite being infertile are still tremendously benefitted by the technology of IVF. This was not possible earlier and the longing for children in millions of couples was never satisfied. One should not lose faith and should consider IVF if their situation requires so. However, a couple should always take into consideration getting genetically tested, which can prevent them from giving birth to a child who might suffer genetic deformities. Each individual case is unique and needs individual specialist attention to determine if IVF is suitable for them. Get help from a good doctor before making any decision.