Adoption and surrogacy are meant to achieve parenthood for childless couples. However, while they share many similarities, there are also many differences to take into account when comparing adoption and surrogacy. Each has its own unique process, benefits and challenges, and it is up to each growing family to consider all of the factors as they decide which path to parenthood is right for them.
Surrogacy Vs Adoption: Assessment
The following are some factors to compare between Surrogacy and Adoption:
- Biological Relation
In adoption, the birth mother is the biological mother of her child. The couple who adopts the child is not biologically related to the child. On the other hand, the surrogacy process allows one or both intended parents to be the genetic parents of their child.This makes surrogacy a popular choice for prospective parents who feel strongly about maintaining a genetic link to their children.
- Cost and Expenses
Surrogacy and adoption both include various expenses including program and agency fees. But in surrogacy, medical expenses for medical tests, IVF and embryo transfer process are very high. In addition to these costs, most surrogates are compensated by intended parents for their time, energy and sacrifices they make throughout the pregnancy. It makes surrogacy significantly more expensive than adoption and inaccessible for low income couples.
- Matching Way
It is ultimately up to the birth mother to choose the family with whom she wants to place her baby. In surrogacy, the matching process tends to be more mutual, in which, intended parents will have an opportunity to pick from profiles of prospective surrogates whose plans and goals match their own.
- Social Aspect
There goes immense respect to the couples, who think over themselves and society and opt for adoption but in many countries, the time taken for adoption is long and tedious.The best thing about adoption is that it gives a dignified and respected life to a child, who otherwise, would have struggled to have a decent life but the big drawback of adoption is that baby genetically not related to parents.
- Medical Risks
Surrogacy involves a planned pregnancy achieved through complex medical procedures that are not involved in adoption. There is no stress on the mother to undergo a risky & challenging pregnancy in adoption but a smooth adoption.
- Child Health
Surrogacy is secure procedure regarding health issue of baby as it is a planned process that contains healthy eggs or sperm, which is fertilized in lab and embryo, is transfer to the surrogate’s body. Complete process is done under keen observation of specialists. But in adoption, the adopted child may have gone through any physical or mental trauma in past. So, child’s health can not be predicted in case of adoption.
- Time Duration
Basically, surrogacy is a long and complex process as it involves several steps from initial medical tests to delivery of child. Even though the best thing of Surrogacy is that in this procedure, legal documents are already signed and no legal complications occur later. In case of adoption, time is not spent on medical process, but may involve more legal complication and time duration for legal process because of various adoption rules by government.