Infertility in Women: Common Conditions and Their Treatments
Infertility is a complex condition that can affect both men and women, but it is often more associated with women. In fact, studies show that up to 40% of infertility cases are caused by female factors. Understanding the common causes of female infertility can help you identify when to seek medical attention and which treatments may be most effective.
One of the leading experts in infertility treatment is Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour, who practices at SCI IVF Hospital in Delhi, India. With years of experience in the field, Dr. Gour has helped numerous couples achieve their dream of parenthood. Here are some of the common conditions that she has seen in women with infertility and their treatment options:
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects many women of reproductive age. It is characterized by irregular periods, high levels of male hormones, and multiple cysts on the ovaries. Women with PCOS may have difficulty ovulating, making it harder to conceive. Treatment for PCOS can include medications to regulate ovulation, such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it, such as on the ovaries or fallopian tubes. This can cause pain, inflammation, and scarring, which can affect fertility. Treatment options for endometriosis may include medications to suppress ovulation, surgery to remove the endometrial tissue, or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- Fallopian Tube Blockage: The fallopian tubes are responsible for transporting the egg from the ovary to the uterus. If they are blocked or damaged, it can prevent the egg from being fertilized or reaching the uterus. Treatment options for blocked fallopian tubes can include surgery to repair or remove the tubes, or IVF.
- Premature Ovarian Failure (POF): POF is a condition where the ovaries stop functioning normally before the age of 40. This can result in a reduced number of eggs and early menopause. Treatment for POF can include hormone replacement therapy, IVF, or the use of donor eggs.
- Unexplained Infertility: Sometimes, despite thorough testing, doctors are unable to identify a specific cause of infertility. In these cases, treatment options may include fertility medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or IVF.
At SCI IVF Hospital, Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour and her team work closely with each patient to determine the underlying cause of their infertility and develop a personalized treatment plan. With a range of cutting-edge technologies and treatment options available, they offer hope and support to couples struggling to conceive.