Infertility is a term used for the inability of conceiving. The factors affecting male fertility are semen quality such as sperm counts, motility, and volume.
The absence of sperms in ejaculation is called azoospermia. Azoospermia is one of the major medical conditions of male infertility where there is no considerable sperm count in the semen. Ejaculation is not only the measure of fertility. A person may ejaculate, but if it is without sperms, called azoospermia. For treatment of azoospermia, connect to Dr Vishal Dutt Gour – the best urologist in Delhi.
Root Causes of Azoospermia
Sperm is produced in the Testicles and semen fluid is formulated in the Seminal vesicle. The sperm travels through the duct and mixes with the fluid and creates semen. The semen passes through the Ejaculatory duct and ejaculates from the penis. If any organ in this process is failed to work properly, it may cause an infertility issue. Based on the functionalities of sexual organs, there are the following types of Azoospermia.
- Pre-testicular Azoospermia: The reason for this type of azoospermia is before the testicles start their process. Here, the testicles are fine but the hormones that accelerate the sexual process are not balanced due to the following issues.
- Injury to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland that produces hormones.
- Any genetic disorder such as Kallmann syndrome that restrains the body to release the GnRH hormone.
- Chemotherapy affects the organ’s ability to release hormones.
- Testicular Azoospermia: This type of defect is caused by any damage in the testicles that tarnishes its ability to produce sperms. The deformity of the testis is due to the following reasons.
- Anorchia, absence of testicles
- Reproductive tract infection
- Radiation therapy decreases the ability to produce mature sperms.
- Swelling or injury of testicles
- Post-testicular Azoospermia: In this defect, the testicles produce sperms but the penis failed to ejaculate it due to the following reasons.
- Blockage or cyst in the tube, carrying sperms from testicles to the penis.
- Cyst, injury, or vasectomy of the tube.
- Reverse semen ejaculation, where semen travels backward toward the bladder, not to the penis.
Treatments of Azoospermia
Treatments depend on the type and cause of the azoospermia. Some natural remedies can be used in the case of Pre-testicular Azoospermia. Hormones can be produced with some changes in the diet and eating healthy. Including folic acid, L-carnitine, Panax ginseng, and zinc-rich foods in your diet may help. Yoga and meditation can also improve sperm health.
The majority of reasons for Testicular Azoospermia and Post-testicular Azoospermia cannot be solved with natural means. A proper surgery is required to eliminate the cyst or blockage from the tube, transporting sperms. In microsurgery, an incision is made on the scrotum to eliminate the blockage or fix the tube connections. In endoscopy, a small catheter tube with a microscopic camera is inserted at the exact spot of the problem to remove the blockage so that sperms can reach the penis.
If all these ways cannot work to treat azoospermia, IVF is used to fulfill the couple’s dream of parenthood. For IVF treatment, contact SCI IVF Hospital – the best infertility clinic in Delhi NCR.